Kayayyaki

Sodium Perchlorate

Short Bayani:


Bayanin Samfura

Tambayoyi

Alamar samfur

Sodium Perchlorate

Sunan samfur:

Sodium Perchlorate

Tsarin kwayoyin halitta:

NaClO4

Kwayoyin kwayoyin halitta:

122.45

CAS Babu.:

7601-89-0

RTECS Babu.:

SC9800000

UN Babu.:

1502

Sodium perchlorate shine mahallin inorganic tare da tsarin sunadarai NaClO₄. Yana da farin crystalline, hygroscopic solid wanda yake narkewa sosai a cikin ruwa da cikin barasa. Yawanci ana cin karo dashi azaman monohydrate.

Sodium perchlorate mai karfi ne mai sanya oxidizer, kodayake ba shi da amfani a cikin pyrotechnics kamar gishirin potassium saboda haɓakarta. Zai yi aiki tare da mai ƙarfi na ma'adinai, kamar su sulfuric acid, don samar da iskar perchloric.
Yana amfani da shi: akasari ana amfani dashi don kera wasu ƙananan abubuwa ta hanyar tsarin bazuwar ninki biyu.

19

1) sodium perchlorate, anhydrous

17
2) sinadarin sodium perchlorate, monohydrate

18

Tsaro
Sodium perchlorate mai iko ne da gurɓataccen abu. Ya kamata a nisanta shi da abubuwan da ke tattare da abubuwa masu karfi da kuma rage karfi. Ba kamar chlorates ba, cakuda masu hade da sulfur suna da karko sosai.
Yana da guba mai matsakaici, kamar yadda a cikin adadi mai yawa yana tsoma baki tare da karɓar iodine cikin glandar thyroid.

Ma'aji
NaClO4 ya kamata a adana shi a cikin kwalaben da aka kulle sosai saboda yana da ɗan tsaka-tsalle. Ya kamata a nisance shi da duk wani ƙarfi mai turɓi mai guba don hana samuwar anhydrous perchloric acid, wuta da haɗarin fashewa. Hakanan dole ne a nisance shi da duk wani abu mai walƙiya.

Zubar da hankali
Kada a zubar da sodium perchlorate a cikin magudanar ko zubar da shi cikin mahalli. Dole ne a daidaita shi tare da rage wakili zuwa NaCl da farko.
Za a iya lalata sodium perchlorate tare da ƙarfe na ƙarfe a ƙarƙashin hasken UV, in babu iska.


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