Iimveliso

I-Amonium perchlorate

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Iimpawu zemveliso

I-Ammonium Perchlorate

Ifomula yeMolekyuli:

NH4ClO4

Ubunzima Ezinto:

117.50

CAS Hayi.

7790-98-9

I-RTECS No.

I-SC7520000

Inombolo yeZizwe eziManyeneyo:

1442

 

 

I-Ammonium perchlorate sisixhobo esingaqhelekanga kunye nefomula ye-NH₄ClO₄. Inqabileyo engenambala okanye emhlophe enyibilikayo emanzini. It is an oxidizer enamandla. Xa idityaniswe nepetroli, inokusetyenziswa njengesixhobo esisebenzisa irocket.

Ukusetyenziswa: ubukhulu becala kusetyenziswa i-rocket fuel kunye neziqhushumbisi ezingenamsi, ngaphandle koko, isetyenziswa kakhulu kwiziqhushumbisi, kwiarhente yokufota, nakwisenzo sokuhlaziya.

1) echasene ne-SDS

11

2) echasene ne-TCP

12

Ngaphambi kokusebenza nge-perchlorate ye-ammonium, kuya kufuneka uqeqeshwe ekuphathweni nasekugcinweni kwayo ngokufanelekileyo.
I-Ammonium perchlorate sisidibanisi esomeleleyo; Umxube kunye nesalfure, izinto eziphilayo, kunye nentsimbi eyahlulwe kakuhle ziyadubula kwaye ziyabethabethana kwaye ziyothuka.
I-Ammonium perchlorate kufuneka igcinwe ukunqanda ukudibana neearhente zeoksijini (ezinje ngeeroklorates ipoksayidi. Iipermanganates, iiklorates zenitrate, ikhlorine, ibromine kunye nefluorine ukusukela oko kwenzeka.
I-Ammonium perchlorate ayihambelani nee-arhente zokunciphisa ezomeleleyo: ii-acid ezomeleleyo (ezinjengehydrochloric. ISulphuric kunye ne-nitric) zesinyithi (ezinje ngealuminium. ICopper, kunye nepotassium); i-oxides zesinyithi: i-phosphorus: kunye nezinto ezinokutsha.
Naphina apho kusetyenziswa khona i-perchlorate ye-ammonium, iphathwa yenziwe, okanye igcinwe, sebenzisa izixhobo zombane ezinokuqhushumba kunye nezixhobo.

Ukulumkela
Gcina kude nobushushu. Gcina kude kwimithombo yocinezelo. Gcina kude kwizinto ezinokutsha. Izikhongozeli ezingenanto zibeka umngcipheko emlilweni, zikhuphe intsalela ibe phantsi komlilo. Ground zonke izixhobo ezinemathiriyeli.
Musa ukuphefumla uthuli. Thatha amanyathelo okhuseleko ngokuchasene nokukhupha umbane. Nxiba impahla efanelekileyo yokukhusela. Kwimeko yokunganeli komoya, nxiba izixhobo zokuphefumla ezifanelekileyo. Ukuba uziva ungaphilanga, funa unyango kwaye ubonise iilebhile xa kunokwenzeka. Kuphephe ukudibana nolusu namehlo. Gcina kude kwizinto ezingahambelaniyo njengokunciphisa iiarhente, izinto ezinokutsha, izinto eziphilayo, iiacidi.

Ukugcina
Gcina isikhongozeli sivalekile. Gcina isikhongozeli kwindawo epholileyo, engenisa umoya. Ukwahlula kwiiasidi, iialikhali, ukunciphisa iiarhente kunye nezinto ezinokutsha.


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