Imikhiqizo

I-Ammonium perchlorate

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Amathegi womkhiqizo

I-Ammonium Perchlorate

Ifomula Yamamolekhula:

NH4ClO4

Isisindo Yamamolekhula:

117.50

CAS Cha

7790-98-9

Ama-RTECS Cha

SC7520000

UN Cha:

1442

 

 

I-ammonium perchlorate iyinhlanganisela engaphili nefomula i-NH₄ClO₄. Kuyinto eqinile engenambala noma emhlophe encibilikayo emanzini. I-oxidizer enamandla. Ihlanganiswe nophethiloli, ingasetshenziswa njenge-rocket propellant.

Ukusetshenziswa: kusetshenziswa kakhulu kuphethiloli we-rocket naseziqhumeni ezingenantuthu, ngaphandle kwalokho, kusetshenziswa kakhulu eziqhumeni, i-ejenti yezithombe, ne-reagent yokuhlaziya.

I-1) engafakwanga i-SDS

11

2) engavinjelwe yi-TCP

12

Ngaphambi kokusebenza ne-ammonium perchlorate, kufanele uqeqeshwe ekuphatheni nasekugcinweni kwayo okufanele.
I-ammonium perchlorate iyi-oxidizer enamandla; futhi izinhlanganisela ezine-sulphur, izinto eziphilayo, nezinsimbi ezihlukaniswe kahle ziyaqhuma futhi zingqubuzana futhi ziyethusa.
I-ammonium perchlorate kufanele igcinwe ukugwema ukuthintana nama-oxidizing agents (njengama-perchlorates peroxides. Ama-permanganate, ama-chlorates ama-nitrate, i-chlorine, i-bromine ne-fluorine selokhu kwenzeka ukusabela okunodlame.
I-Ammonium perchlorate ayihambisani nezinto zokunciphisa ezinamandla: ama-acid aqinile (njenge-hydrochloric. I-Sulfuric ne-nitric) izinsimbi (njenge-aluminium. Ithusi, ne-potassium); insimbi oxides: phosphorus: futhi combustibles.
Nomaphi lapho i-ammonium perchlorate isetshenziswa, iphathwa yenziwa, noma igcinwa, sebenzisa imishini kagesi engenabufakazi bokuqhuma.

Izinyathelo zokuzivikela
Hlala kude nokushisa. Hlala kude nemithombo yokushisa. Hlala kude nezinto ezivuthayo. Iziqukathi ezingenalutho zibeka ingozi yomlilo, zihwamuke izinsalela ngaphansi kwesikhunta somlilo. Ground yonke imishini equkethe okokusebenza.
Ungaphefumuli uthuli. Thatha izinyathelo zokuqapha ngokumelene nokukhishwa kwe-electrostatic. Gqoka izingubo ezifanele zokuzivikela. Uma kungena umoya ongenele, gqoka imishini efanele yokuphefumula. Uma uzizwa ungaphathekile kahle, funa usizo lwezempilo bese ukhombisa ilebula lapho kungenzeka khona. Gwema ukuthintana nesikhumba namehlo. Hlala kude nezinto ezingahambelani njengezinto zokunciphisa izinto, izinto ezivuthayo, izinto eziphilayo, ama-asidi.

Isitoreji
Gcina isitsha sivalekile. Gcina isitsha endaweni epholile, enomoya omuhle. Hlukanisa nama-acid, ama-alkali, ama-ejenti anciphisa nezinto ezivuthayo.


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