Zamgululi

Kupanga Sodium

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Zogulitsa

Kupanga Sodium

Dzina mankhwala:

Kupanga Sodium

Chilinganizo maselo:

NaClO4

Maselo kulemera:

122.45

CAS Ayi:

7601-89-0

Nambala ya RTECS.

Zamgululi

UN Ayi:

1502

Sodium perchlorate ndimapangidwe amadzimadzi omwe amapanga NaClO₄. Ndi kristalo yoyera, yolimba kwambiri yomwe imasungunuka kwambiri m'madzi komanso mowa. Nthawi zambiri imakumana ndi monohydrate.

Sodium perchlorate ndi oxidizer yamphamvu, ngakhale siyothandiza pyrotechnics monga mchere wa potaziyamu chifukwa cha hygroscopicity. Idzachitika ndi mchere wambiri wamchere, monga sulfuric acid, kuti apange perchloric acid.
Ntchito: imagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zinthu zina kudzera pakuwonongeka kawiri.

19

1) sodium perchlorate, yopanda madzi

17
2) sodium perchlorate, monohydrate

18

Chitetezo
Sodium perchlorate ndimphamvu kwambiri oxidizer. Iyenera kukhala kutali ndi zinthu zopangidwa ndi organic ndi othandizira ochepetsa mphamvu. Mosiyana ndi ma chlorates, zosakaniza ndi sulfa sizakhazikika.
Ali ndi poizoni pang'ono, chifukwa chimachepetsa kuchuluka kwa ayodini m'matenda a chithokomiro.

Yosungirako
NaClO4 iyenera kusungidwa m'mabotolo otsekedwa bwino chifukwa ndiosakanikirana pang'ono. Iyenera kukhala kutali ndi nthunzi iliyonse yamphamvu yoletsa kupangira mapangidwe a anhydrous perchloric acid, ngozi yamoto ndi kuphulika. Iyeneranso kutetezedwa kuzinthu zilizonse zoyaka.

Kutaya
Sodium perchlorate sayenera kutsanuliridwa mumtsinjewo kapena kutayidwa chilengedwe. Iyenera kuthetsedwa ndi othandizira kuti achepetse ku NaCl poyamba.
Sodium perchlorate ikhoza kuwonongedwa ndi chitsulo chachitsulo pansi pa kuwala kwa UV, pakakhala mpweya.


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