Imikhiqizo

I-Sodium Perchlorate

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Amathegi womkhiqizo

I-Sodium Perchlorate

Igama lomkhiqizo:

I-Sodium Perchlorate

Ifomula Yamamolekhula:

NaClO4

Isisindo Yamamolekhula:

122.45

Inombolo ye-CAS.

7601-89-0

Inombolo ye-RTECS:

SC9800000

UN Cha:

1502

I-sodium perchlorate iyinhlanganisela engaphili nefomula yamakhemikhali i-NaClO₄. Yikristalu elimhlophe, okuqinile okuyi-hygroscopic okuncibilika kakhulu emanzini nasotshwala. Imvamisa ihlangana ne-monohydrate.

I-sodium perchlorate iyi-oxidizer enamandla, kepha ayisebenzi kangako kuma-pyrotechnics njengosawoti we-potassium ngenxa ye-hygroscopicity yayo. Izosabela nge-acid enamandla yamaminerali, efana ne-sulfuric acid, ukwakha i-perchloric acid.
Ukusetshenziswa: okusetshenziswa kakhulu ekukhiqizeni elinye ipherchlorate ngenqubo yokubola kabili.

19

1) i-sodium perchlorate, i-anhydrous

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2) i-sodium perchlorate, i-monohydrate

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Ukuphepha
I-sodium perchlorate iyi-oxidizer enamandla. Kufanele igcinwe kude nezinto zemvelo nezinto ezinamandla zokunciphisa. Ngokungafani nama-chlorates, izingxube ze-perchlorate ezine-sulphur zizinzile.
Inobuthi ngokulingene, ngoba ngobuningi iphazamisa ukutholwa kwe-iodine endlaleni yegilo.

Isitoreji
INaClO4 kufanele igcinwe emabhodleleni avalwe ngci njengoba eyi-hygroscopic kancane. Kufanele igcinwe kude nanoma imuphi umhwamuko onamandla one-asidi ukuvimbela ukwakheka kwe-anchric perchloric acid, ingozi yomlilo nokuqhuma. Kumele futhi kugcinwe kude nanoma yiziphi izinto ezivuthayo.

Ukulahlwa
I-perchlorate ye-sodium akufanele ithululelwe phansi emgodini noma ichithwe emvelweni. Kufanele inciphiswe nge-ejenti yokwehlisa ku-NaCl kuqala.
I-sodium perchlorate ingabhujiswa ngensimbi yensimbi ngaphansi kokukhanya kwe-UV, lapho kungekho moya.


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